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EXCEPTIONAL FINE & EVERYDAY WINE

FINE & EVERYDAY WINE

Wine Glossary

The terms and definitions listed below are simply our humble attempt to master many of the broad, elusive concepts of natural wine. When we really get into the minutiae of wine (chemistry, biology, agronomy, Steiner, philosophy and the like), we realise the old axiom rings true: the more you know, the more you realise you know absolutely nothing. As with all things in education we’re always learning and changing, so you may see the occasional update to this page. And if you have any suggestions or comments about what’s here, or any terms you’d like to see, our door is always open in-store or via email.

A

AOC / Appellation d’Orgine Controlee

Acidity

Additives

Amphora

Apero

Aspect

B

Barrel

Biodiversity

Biodynamic Viticulture

Body

Botrytis Cinerea

Bottle Sizes

Brett / Brettanomyces

C

Carbonic Maceration

Cellar

Chai

Charmat Method

Cherouche

Clonal Selection

Clos

Cloudy Wine

Co-Fermentation

Co-Operative

Cork Taint

Cuve

Cuvee

D

DOC / DOCG

Demeter Certification

Demijohn / Damejeanne

Destemming

Direct Press

Disgorgement

Dosage

Dry-Farming

E

Elevage

Elevation

Extraction

F

Fining / Filtration

Flor

Fukuoka, Masanobu

G

Grand Cru

Grower

Grower Champagne

H

Harvest

Hectare

I

Indigenous / Wild Yeasts

Indigenous Varietal

Inoculation

J

K

L

Late Harvest

Lees

Lieu-dit

Lutte Raisonee

M

Maceration

Malolactic Fermentation

Mass Selection (Selection Massale)

Mechanization

Micro / Macroclimate

Minerality

Monoculture

Mouse / Mousiness (In Wine)

Mousseux

N

Natural Wine

Negociant

Nouveau

O

Orange Wine

Organic Viticulture

P

Passito

Permaculture

Petillant-Naturel (Pet Nat)

Phylloxera

Plot / Parcel

Premier Cru

Pruning

Punch-Down / Pigeage

Q

Qvevri

R

Racking

Reduction

Residual Sugar

Rose Wine

S

Sediment / Bottle Deposit

Semi-Carbonic Maceration

Single-Vineyard Wine

Skin Contact

Solera

Spontaneous Fermentation

Spritz / Spritziness (In Wine)

Stainless Steel

Sulfites

T

Tannins

Terroir

Topping Up

U

Unfiltered Wine

V

Vegan Wine

Vigneron/nne

Vignerons S.A.I.N.S.

Vine Age

Vintage

Volatile Acidity / V.A.

W

Whole-Bunch Fermentation

X

Y

Yield

Z

Zero-Zero

Sources / References

Robinson, Jancis, and Julia Harding. The Oxford Companion to Wine (Oxford Companions). 4th ed., Oxford University Press, 2015. 

Jean-Paul. “Domaine Mada.” Diversey Wine, 12 Sept. 2020, www.diverseywine.com/blog/2020/08/21/domaine-mada.

“Dosage, Or.” Champagne.Fr, Dosage, or Liqueur d’Expedition, www.champagne.fr/en/from-vine-to-wine/wine-making/dosage. Accessed 12 Feb. 2021.

“This Is Demeter | Demeter International.” Demeter.Net, Demeter, www.demeter.net/what-is-demeter/this-is-demeter. Accessed 12 Feb. 2021.

Feiring, Alice. “A Letter from Nicolas Joly on Sulfur | The Feiring Line.” The Feiring Line, The Feiring Line, 10 July 2012, thefeiringline.com/a-letter-from-nicolas-joly-on-sulfur.

Celce, Bertrand. “Christophe Foucher (Loire).” Wine Tasting, Vineyards, in France, Wine Terroirs, 6 June 2019, www.wineterroirs.com/2019/06/la_lunotte_christophe_foucher.html.

“What’s the Deal With Vegan Wines.” Les Caves de Pyrene Blog, Les Caves de Pyrene, blog.lescaves.co.uk/2019/06/25/whats-the-deal-with-vegan-wines. Accessed 12 Feb. 2021.

Laroche, Guillaume, and Cédric Blatrie. Raisin: 100 Grand Vins Naturels d’Émotion. Editions Reverse, 2019.

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